I assume you already have VMWare installed on Mac, here is what I have:
- VMWare Fusion Professional Version 8.5.3 (4696910)
- macOS Sierra (10.12)
Go to http://www.ubuntu.com/desktop/get-ubuntu/download and choose the latest 64-bit Desktop version of Ubuntu. Save the downloaded Ubuntu file at some place you can recognize later.
Load Ubuntu ISO file to VMWare
Step 1: Launch VMWare Fusion
Step 2: Click on File – New and choose to Install from disc or image
Note: Initially many people didn’t know where is Install from disc or image to click, YES! entire blue box on the left is clickable!
Step 3. Click on Use another disc or disc image and choose your
.iso file with the Ubuntu image.
Step 4: Choose Easy Install, fill in password, and check the box for sharing files with the host operating system.
Step 5: Choose Customize Settings and make the following settings (these settings can be changed later, if desired):
- Processors and Memory: Set a minimum of 2 Gb memory, but not more than half of your computer’s total memory. The virtual machine can use all processors.
- Hard Disk: Choose how much disk space you want to use inside the virtual machine (20 Gb is considered a minimum).
Step 6: Choose where you want to store virtual machine files on the hard disk. The default location is usually fine. The directory with the virtual machine files needs to be frequently backed up so make sure you know where it is.
Step 7: Ubuntu will now install itself without further dialog, but it will take some time.
Step 8: You may need to define a higher resolution of the display in the Ubuntu machine. Find the System settings icon on the left, go to Display, choose some display (you can try several, click Keep this configuration when you are satisfied).
Step 9: You can have multiple keyboards on Ubuntu. Launch System settings, go to Keyboard, click the Text entry hyperlink, add keyboard(s) (Input sources to use), and choose a shortcut, say
Ctrl+backslash, in the Switch to next source using field. Then you can use the shortcut to quickly switch keyboard.
Step 10: A terminal window is key for programmers. Click on the Ubuntu icon on the top of the left pane, search for
gnome-terminal, right-click its new icon in the left pane and choose
Lock to Launcher such that you always have the terminal easily accessible when you log in. The
gnome-terminal can have multiple tabs (
Ctrl+shift+t to make a new tab).
Installing software on Ubuntu
You now have a full Ubuntu machine, but there is not much software on a it. Installation is performed through the Ubuntu Software Center (a graphical application) or through Unix commands, typically
Terminal> sudo apt-get install packagename
To look up the right package name, run
apt-cache search followed by typical words of that package. The strength of the
apt-get way of installing software is that the package and all packages it depends on are automatically installed through the
apt-get install command. This is in a nutshell why Ubuntu (or Debian-based Linux systems) are so user-friendly for installing sophisticated mathematical software.
To install a lot of useful packages for scientific work, go to http://goo.gl/RVHixr and click on one of the following files, which will install a collection of software for scientific work using
install_minimal.sh: install a minimal collection (recommended)
install_rich.sh: install a rich collection (takes time to run)
Then click the Raw button. The file comes up in the browser window, right-click and choose Save As… to save the file on your computer. The next step is to find the file and run it:
Terminal> cd ~/Downloads Terminal> bash install_minimal.sh
The program will run for quite some time, hopefully without problems. If it stops, set a comment sign
# in front of the line where it stopped and rerun.
The Ubuntu machine can see the files on your host system if you download VMWare Tools. Go to the Virtual Machine pull-down menu in VMWare Fusion and choose Install VMWare Tools. A tarfile is downloaded. Click on it and it will open a folder
vmware-tools-distrib, normally in your home folder. Move to the new folder and run
sudo perl vmware-install.pl. You can go with the default answers to all the questions.
On a Mac, you must open Virtual Machine – Settings… and choose Sharing to bring up a dialog where you can add the folders you want to be visible in Ubuntu. Just choose your home folder. Then turn on the file sharing button (or turn off and on again). Go to Ubuntu and check if you can see all your host system’s files in
If you later detect that
/mnt/hgfs/ folder has become empty, VMWare Tools must be reinstalled by running
sudo perl vmware-install.pl as above or
Terminal> sudo /usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl
Backup of a VMWare virtual machine on a Mac. The entire Ubuntu machine is a folder on the host computer, typically with a name like
Documents/Virtual Machines/Ubuntu 64-bit. Backing up the Ubuntu machine means backing up this folder. However, if you use tools like Time Machine and work in Ubuntu during backup, the copy of the state of the Ubuntu machine is likely to be corrupt. You are therefore strongly recommended to shut down the virtual machine prior to running Time Machine or simply copying the folder with the virtual machine to some backup disk.If something happens to your virtual machine, it is usually a straightforward task to make a new machine and import data and software automatically from the previous machine.
Internet Does not Work in Ubuntu. Invoke the VMWare Fusion menu Virtual Machine – Settings – Network and test Share the Mac’s network connection versus Connect directly to the physical network (Bridged).
original : http://hplgit.github.io/teamods/ubuntu/vmware/mac.html